Martha's exotic Backyard in Israel

Passiflora edulis, Passion fruit,
Hebrew: שעונית נאכלת, Arabic: فاكهة زهرة الآلام

Scientific name:  Passiflora edulis Sims
Common name:  Passion flower
Hebrew name:   שעונית נאכלת
Arabic name:  فاكهة زهرة الآلام
Family:  Passifloraceae, Passion flower family, שעוניתיים

Bilder på blommor, Bilder av exotiska blommor

Life form:  Climbing vine; perennial
Stems:  Woody, climbing by means of tendrils; young stems and tendrils, tinged with red or purple
Leaves:  Alternate, deeply 3-lobed, finely dentate
Inflorescence:  Inflorescence cymose, axillary, sessile or pedunculate, primary axis often a tendril, secondary axis often reduced
Flowers:  5 greenish-white sepals, 5 white petals and a fringelike corona of straight, white-tipped rays, rich purple at the base and 5 stamens with large anthers, the ovary and triple-branched style forming a prominent central structure
Fruits:  Round to oval, yellow or dark purple at maturity, with a soft to firm, juicy interior filled with numerous seeds
Origin:  From southern Brazil through Paraguay to northern Argentina
Martha's backyard, exotic flowers, Passiflora edulis, שעונית נאכלת


Derivation of the botanical name:
Passiflora, Latin, passio, passion; flos, a flower; the name was given by missionaries in South America, who thought they saw in the parts of the flower various aspects of the Passion of Jesus prior to his crucifixion: Its coronal threads were seen as a symbol for the crown of thorns, the curling tendrils for the cords of the whips, the five stamens for the wounds, the three stigmas for the nails on the cross, the ovary for the hammer, and the five petals and five sepals of the flower for the ten “true” apostles (omitting Peter who denied and Judas who betrayed).
edulis, edible.
  • The standard author abbreviation Sims is used to indicate John Sims (1749 – 1831), an English physician and taxonomist.

Martha's backyard, exotic flowers, Passiflora edulis, שעונית נאכלת