Iris bismarckiana, Iris sari, Iris nazarena, Nazareth Iris,
Hebrew: אירוס נצרתי, Arabic: سوسن الناصرة

Scientific name:  Iris bismarckiana Regel
Synonym name:  Iris nazarena (Foster) Dinsmore, Iris sari var. nazarena Foster
Common name:  Nazareth Iris
Hebrew name:   אירוס נצרתי
Arabic name:  سوسن الناصرة
Family:  Iridaceae, אירוסיים

Flora, Israel, Send flowers online

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  Long, erect flowering stems
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire, smooth
Flowers:   The flags are light violet, while the falls are covered with large dots which sometimes merge to form a dark stain.
Fruits / Pods:  Capsule which opens up in three parts to reveal the numerous seeds within
Flowering Period:  March, April
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Iris bismarckiana, Iris nazarena, Nazareth Iris, 
سوسن الناصرة ,אירוס נצרתי

Derivation of the botanical name:
Iris, ιριϛ, ιδοϛ, rainbow; female messenger, announcer of the gods, the Greek goddess of the rainbow.
bismarckiana, Bismarck-Archipel, group of islands off the northeastern coast of New Guinea in the western Pacific Ocean.
nazarena, Nazareth, Israel.
The Hebrew name: אירוס, iris, transliteration from the scientific name.
  • The standard author abbreviation Regel is used to indicate Eduard August von Regel (1815 – 1892), a German horticulturalist and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Foster is used to indicate Sir Michael Foster (1836 - 1907), an English physiologist and Member of Parliament.
  • The standard author abbreviation Dinsmore is used to indicate John Edward Dinsmore (1862 - 1951), who moved from Maine to Jerusalem in the 1890's to join a Protestant commune called The American Colony.
The Nazareth Iris - Iris Nazarena (Bismarckiana) - grows on Mt. Yona in the Nazareth hills, in the Giv'at Ha-More Nature Reserve and in some of the smaller Reserves in the Naphtali hill country.

Link: A walk in the park - Givat-Hamoreh, Hamoreh Hill, Little Hermon, Nebi Dahi, נבי דחי

Iris bismarckiana, Iris nazarena, Nazareth Iris, אירוס נצרתי,  
سوسن الناصرة

Iris bismarckiana, Iris nazarena, Nazareth Iris, 
سوسن الناصرة,אירוס נצרתי

Iris bismarckiana, Iris nazarena, Nazareth Iris,  
سوسن الناصرة, אירוס נצרתי,Givat-Hamoreh, Hamoreh Hill, Little Hermon - Nebi Dahi, נבי דחי