Forests, Woodlands and Shrubberies in the Mediterranean region
representing the vegetal landscape of Israel.


"One day Honi Hameagel, a righteous miracle worker, saw an old man planting a carob tree.
Knowing that a carob tree took 70 years to bear fruit, and that therefore the old man would not live to see the results of his labor, he asked why he was planting a tree whose fruits he would never enjoy. ‘Carob trees were here when I was born, planted by my father and his father,’ answered the old man. ‘Now I plant trees for the enjoyment of my children and their children’s children."
- Talmud Ta’anit 23a
Tree-planting is an ancient Jewish tradition. (See: Tu B'Shvat)


1. The Common Oak Forest
This is the most typical and common forest and maquis formation of the local arboreal vegetation. It is dominated by the Common oak (Quercus calliprinos), and accompanied by the Palestine terebinth (Pistacia palaestina), Spiny hawthorn (Crataegus aronia), Strawberry tree (Arbutus andrachne), Laurel (Laurus nobilis), green olive tree or mock privet (Phillyrea latifolia), Official Storax (Styrax officinalis), Forest and Woods in Israel Mediterranean buckthorn (Rhamnus lycioides), Italian buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus), Judas tree (Cercis siliquastrum), Spartium junceum (Spanish Broom) and others. The most typical climbers of the maquis* are Clematis (Clematis cirrhosa), Black bryony (Tamus communis), and Etruscan honey suckle (Lonicera etrusca). The maquis affords shelter to great many beautiful bulb and tuber plants such as species of Tulipa (Liliaceae), Allium (Liliaceae), Colchicum (Liliaceae), Crocus (Iridaceae), Orchis (Orchidaceae), Ophrys (Orchidaceae), some shade demanding ferns, and others. Where the maquis is less dense, it offers optimal growth conditions for a wealth of annual and perennial herbs.

*Maquis shrubland is broadly similar to garrigue, but the vegetation is more dense, being composed of numerous closely spaced shrubs. Maquis is associated with siliceous (acid) soils, unlike the relatively alkaline calcareous soils of the garrigue.

2. The Pine Forests
The pine forest is dominated by Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) and often accompanied by shrubs and trees of maquis and garrigue, such as kermes oak (Quercus calliprinos), Mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus), Terebinth (Pistacia palaestina), Strawberry tree (Arbutus andrachne), Prickly Juniper (Juniperus oxycedrus), Sage-leaved rock-rose (Cistus salvifolius), Greek oregano (Salvia fruticosa), Spiny Broom (Calycotome villosa) and herbs, bulbs, tubers and more.

3. The Tabor Oak Forest
A deciduous forest, limited to the Sharon, the Lower Galilee, the Hula Valley and the slopes of the Golan Heights. In the Sharon Plain the Tabor oak (Quercus ithaburensis) were accompanied by a cover of grass similar to a savannah. In the Lower Galilee the oak is very often accompanied by Official Storax (Styrax officinalis); and in the Hulah-Dan Valley the Atlantic Pistachio, Terebinth (Pistacia atlantica) is the principal coexistant of the Tabor oak. They (allon and elon) are the trees wth many citations in the Bible; the oak is associated with the Hebrew word for 'God' - el.

4. Carob and Mastic Pistacia Scrub Forests
The Carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua) together with the Mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus) dominate a type of evergreen scrub forest, called the Carob and Mastic Pistacia Scrub Forest. It is common in the Coastal Plain and the adjacent foothills, and on the eastern slopes of Galilee and Samaria.

Trees and Bushes, עצים ושיחים - Ilanot, אילנות in Israel

Acacia farnesiana, Flowers, Israel
Acacia farnesiana
Mimosa farnesiana
Vachellia farnesiana
Sweet acacia, Cassie
שיטת המשוכות


Acacia laeta, Flowers, Israel
Acacia laeta
Gay Acacia
שיטה רעננה


Acacia pachyceras, Flowers, Israel
Acacia pachyceras
Acacia gerrardii
שיטת הנגב


Acacia raddiana, Flowers, Israel
Acacia raddiana
Twisted Acacia
שיטה סלילנית


Acacia salicina, Flowers, Israel
Acacia salicina
Racosperma salicinum
Willow Acacia, Willow wattle
שיטה עלי-הערבה


Acacia saligna, Flowers, Israel
Acacia saligna
Acacia cyanophylla
Golden-wreath Wattle
שיטה כחלחלה


Acacia tortilis, Flowers, Israel
Acacia tortilis
Umbrella Thorn Acacia
שיטת הסוכך


Acer obtusifolium, Flowers, Israel
Acer obtusifolium
Acer syriacum
Syrian Maple
אדר סורי


Amydales communis, Flowers, Israel
Amygdalus communis
Common Almond
שקד מצוי


Anagyris foetida, Flowers, Israel
Anagyris foetida
Stinking bean trefoil
Mediterranean Stinkbush
צחנן מבאיש


Araucaria heterophylla, Araucaria excelsa, Norfolk Island pine, אראוקריה רמה
Araucaria heterophylla
Araucaria excelsa
Norfolk Island pine
אראוקריה רמה


Arbutus andrachne, Flowers, Israel
Arbutus andrachne
Eastern Strawberry tree
מצוי קטלב


Atriplex halimus, Flowers, Israel
Atriplex halimus
Shrubby Saltbush
מלוח קיפח


Balanites aegyptiaca, Flowers in Israel, Send
Balanites aegyptiaca
Egyptian Balsam
זקום מצרי


Bauhinia variegata, Israel, Flora, Flowers, Plants
Bauhinia variegata
Bauhinia chinensis
Orchid Tree
בוהיניה מגוונת


Calicotome villosa, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Calicotome villosa
Spiny Broom
קידה שעירה


Calotropis procera, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Calotropis procera
Sodom's Apple
פתילת-מדבר גדולה
عشير


Capparis aegyptia , Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Capparis aegyptia
Egyptian caper
צלף מצרי


Capparis decidua, Israel, Red flowers
Capparis decidua
Capparis aphylla
Caper berry
Caper plant, Wild caper
צלף רותמי


Capparis sicula, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Capparis sicula
Sicilian caper
צלף סיצילי


Capparis spinosa, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Capparis spinosa
Common Caper
צלף קוצני
الغبار، آبار


Casuarina cunninghamiana, Australian beefwood, Australian Pine, River Sheoak, Cunninghams beefwood, קזוארינה דקיקה,  كازارينا كانينغهامية
Casuarina cunninghamiana
Australian beefwood
Australian Pine
River Sheoak
קזוארינה דקיקה
كازارينا كانينغهامية


Cedrus libani, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Cedrus libani
Lebanon Cedar
ארז הלבנון


Celtis australis, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Celtis australis
European Nettle tree
Lote tree
מיש דרומי


Ceratonia siliqua, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Ceratonia siliqua
carob
חרוב מצוי


Cercis siliquastrum, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Cercis siliquastrum
Juda's Tree
כליל החורש


Cistus salviifolius, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Cistus salviifolius
White Rockrose
לוטם מרווני


Clematis cirrhosa, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Clematis cirrhosa
Fern-leaved clematis
Evergreen clematis
Traveller's Joy, Bower
זלזלת הקנוקנות


Cordia sinensis, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Cordia sinensis
Cordia gharaf
Grey leaved saucerberry
גפנן המדבר


Crataegus aronia, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Crataegus aronia
Crataegus azarolus
Spiny Hawthorn
עוזרר קוצני


Crataegus azarolus, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Crataegus azarolus
Hawthorn
עוזרר אדום


Cupressus sempervirens, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Cupressus sempervirens
Funeral Cypress
ברוש מצוי


Dalbergia sissoo, Israel, Send flowers online
Dalbergia sissoo
Indian Rosewood
סיסם הודי


Delonix regia, Israel, Flora, Flowers, Plants
Delonix regia
Royal Poinciana
Flamboyant,Flametree
צאלון נאה


Ephedra aphylla, ישראל, פרחים, צמחי בר
Ephedra aphylla
Ephedra alte
Joint pine
שרביטן ריסני


Ephedra foeminea, ישראל, פרחים, צמחי בר
Ephedra foeminea
Ephedra campylopoda
Leafless Ephedra
שרביטן מצוי


Erythrina corallodendron, ישראל, פרחים, צמחי בר
Erythrina corallodendron
Erythrina corallodendrum
Coral Bean Tree, Coral tree
West Indian Coral Tree
Hebrew: אלמוגן רחב-עלים
مرجان عريض الاوراق


Eucalyptus camalidulensis, ישראל, פרחים, צמחי בר
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
River Red-gum
אקליפטוס המקור


Ficus carica, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Ficus carica
Fig
פיקוס התאנה


Ficus microcarpa, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Ficus microcarpa
Ficus nitida, Ficus retusa
Chinese or Malayan banyan
Indian Laurel, Curtain fig
פיקוס השדרות


Ficus sycomorus, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Ficus sycomorus
Sycomore fig
Shikma,שקמה


Fraxinus syriaca, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور
Fraxinus syriaca
Fritillary
מילה סורית


Grewia villosa, Wildflowers, Israel, send flowers
Grewia villosa
Mallow raisin
Mallow-leaved ross berry
Round leaf grewia
גרויה שעירה


Jacaranda acutifolia, Israel, Flora, Flowers, Plants
Jacaranda acutifolia
Jacaranda mimosifolia
Blue Jacaranda
ז'קרנדה חדת עלים , סיגלון
جكراندة ميموزية الأوراق


Laurus nobilis, Israel Wildflowers, Send flowers online
Laurus nobilis
True Laurel, Sweet Bay
ער אציל


Lonicera etrusca, Israel Wildflowers, Send flowers online
Lonicera etrusca
Italian Honeysuckle
יערה איטלקית
عبهر


Lycium europaeumthumbnail
Lycium europaeum
European Wolfberry
אטד אירופי


Lycium schweinfurthii, Israel Wildflowers, Send flowers online
Lycium schweinfurthii
Boxthorn
אטד החוף


Maerua crassifolia, Maerua rigida, Maerua hirtella, Maerua uniflora, מרואה עבת-עלים
Maerua crassifolia
Maerua rigida
Maerua hirtella
Maerua uniflora
מרואה עבת-עלים


Melissa officinalis, Israel, Flowers, Native Plants
Melia azedarach
White Cedar
Persian Lilac
Chinaberry, Bead Tree
אזדרכת מצויה


Morus alba, Israel, Flowers, Native Plants
Morus alba
White Mulberry
תות לבן


Morus nigra, Black Mulberry,Sycamine, توت أسود ,תות שחור Israel, green wildflowers
Morus nigra
Black Mulberry
Sycamine
توت أسود
תות שחור


Nerium oleander, Israel, Flowers, Native Plants
Nerium Oleander
Oleander
הרדוף הנחלים


Nicotiana glauca, Israel, Flowers, Native Plants
Nicotiana glauca
Tree Tobacco
Hebrew: טבק השיח


Nitraria retusa, Israel, Flowers, Native Plants
Nitraria retusa
Salt tree
ימלוח פגום


Ochradenus baccatus, Israel, Flora, Wildflowers, Plants
Ochradenus baccatus
Taily Weed
ריכפתן מדברי


Olea-europaea, Israel, Flora, Wildflowers, Plants
Olea europaea
Olivetree
זית אירופיזית
Arabic: زيتون


Opuntia ficus-indica, Israel, Flora, Wildflowers, Plants
Opuntia ficus-indica
Prickly Pear
Hebrew: Sabra, Tzabar, צבר


Parkinsonia aculeata, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Parkinsonia aculeata
Jerusalem Thorn
Prickly Thorn
פרקינסוניה שיכנית


Phoenix dactylifera, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Phoenix dactylifera
Date Palm
תמר מצוי


Pinus brutia, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Pinus brutia
Cyprus pine, Calabrian pine
Turkish pine
صنوبر قبرصي
אורן קפריסאי


Pinus halepensis, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Pinus halepensis
Aleppo Pine
Jerusalem pine
אורן ירושלים
Arabic: صنوبر الحلبي


Pinus pinea, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Pinus pinea
Umbrella- or stone pine
Italian stone pine
אורן הצנובר


Pistacia atlantica, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Pistacia atlantica
Atlantic Pistachio
Hebrew: elah,אלה אטלנטית
Arabic butm


Pistacia lentiscus, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Pistacia lentiscus
Mastic tree, Lentisc
אלת המסטיק


Pistacia palaestina, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Pistacia palaestina
Turpentine Tree
Terebinth Tree
אלה ארץ-ישראלית


Platanus orientalis, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Platanus orientalis
Oriental Plane Tree
דולב מזרחי


Populus alba, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Populus alba
White Poplar
צפצפה מכסיפה


Populus euphratica, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Populus euphratica
Euphrates Poplar
צפצפת הפרת


Prunus cerasus, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Prunus cerasus
Sour Cherry
דובדבן


Prunus ursina, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Prunus ursina
Bear's Plum
שזיף הדוב


Punica granatum, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Punica granatum
Pomegranate
Hebrew: Rimon, רימון


Pyrus syriaca, Flowers in Israel, wildflowers
Pyrus syriaca
Syrian Pear
אגס סורי


Quercus boissieri, Israel, Flora, Wild Flowers
Quercus boissieri
Boissier Oak
Cyprus oak
אלון התולע


Quercus calliprinos, Israel, Flora, Wild Flowers
Quercus calliprinos
Kermes Oak
אלון מצוי


Quercus ithaburensis, Israel, Flora, Wild Flowers
Quercus ithaburensis
Tabor oak
אלון התבור,


Quercus ithaburensis, Flora, Israel, Wildflowers, green flowers
Quercus suber
Cork oak
אלון השעם
السنديان الفليني


Retama raetam, Israel, Native Plants, Wildflowers
Retama raetam
White Broom
רותם המדבר
رتم


Rose of Sharon, Israel, Native Plants, Wildflowers
Rhamnus lycioides
Rhamnus palaestinus
Palestine Buckthorn
אשחר ארץ-ישראלי


Rhus coriaria, Israel, Native Plants, Wildflowers
Rhus coriaria
Tanners Sumach
אוג הבורסקאים


Ricinus communis, Israel, Native Plants, Wildflowers
Ricinus communis
Castor-Oil Plant
Palma Christi
Qiqayon mazui, קיקיון מצוי


Salix alba, Israel, Flowers, Pictures
Salix alba
White Willow
swallow tailed willow
ערבה לבנה
الصفصاف الأبيض


Salvadora persica, Israel, Flowers, Pictures
Salvadora persica
Toothbrush tree
Mustard tree
Peelu tree
סלוודורה פרסית ,الأراك


Spartium junceum, Israel, Flowers, Pictures
Spartium junceum
Spanish Broom
Rush Broom
אחירותם החורש


Styrax officinalis, Israel, Flowers, Pictures
Styrax officinalis
Official Storax
לבנה רפואי


Tamarix aphylla, Flowers, Israel, flora
Tamarix aphylla
Tamarix articulate
Athel tree
Athel tamarisk
אשל הפרקים


Tamarix jordanis, Flowers, Israel, flora
Tamarix jordanis
Jordan Tamarisk
אשל הירדן


Tamarix nilotica, Flowers, Israel, flora
Tamarix nilotica
Nile tamarisk
אשל היאור


Tamarix parviflora, Flowers, Israel, flora
Tamarix parviflora
Saltcedar
Smallflower tamarisk
אשל קטן פרחים


Tamarix tetragyna, Four-stamen tamarisk, Saltcedar, אשל מרובע , أثل رباعي الأخبية
Tamarix tetragyna
Four-stamen tamarisk
Saltcedar
אשל מרובע
أثل رباعي الأخبية


Tanacetum aucheri, Flowers, Israel, flora
Tamus orientalis
Dioscorea orientalis
Black bryony
Lady's-seal
טמוס מזרחי


Taxodium distichum, Israel, Flora, Flowers, Plants
Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress
Swamp cypress
טקסודיון דו-טורי
تاكسوديم


Thymelaea hirsute, Flowers, Israel, flora
Thymelaea hirsute
Shaggy Sparrow-Wort
Spur flax
מתנן שעיר


Thymelaea hirsute, Flowers, Israel, flora
Tipuana tipu
Machaerium tipu
Tipuana speciosa
Pride of Bolivia
Rosewood, Tipu Tree
מכנף נאה , بليسندر جميله


Vitex agnus-castus, Israel, Wildflowers, Native Plants
Vitex agnus-castus
Lilac chastetree
Chasteberry
Abraham's balm
שיח-אברהם מצוי


Vitis vinifera, Israel, Wildflowers, Native Plants
Vitis vinifera
Grapevine
גפן הייןבורית נטויה


Washigtonia robusta, Wildflower, Israel, Send flowers Online
Washingtonia robusta
Washington Palm
וושינגטוניה חוטית


Ziziphus lotus, Wildflower, Israel, Send flowers Online
Ziziphus lotus
Rhamnus lotus
Lotus jujube, Lotus tree
שיזף השיח


Ziziphus spina-christi, Wildflower, Israel, Send flowers Online
Ziziphus spina_christi
Jujube,Christ’s thorn
שיזף מצוי,אטד



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